All animals carry bacteria in their intestines. Giving antibiotics to animals will kill many bacteria, but resistant bacteria can survive and multiply. When food animals are slaughtered and processed, these bacteria can contaminate the meat or other animal products.
Print If it sometimes seems like the idea of antibiotic resistance, though unsettling, is more theoretical than real, please read on. Public health officials from Nevada are reporting on a case of a woman who died in Reno in September from an incurable infection.
Testing showed the superbug that had spread throughout her system could fend off 26 different antibiotics. It is, however, alarming. Other scientists are saying this case is yet another sign that researchers and governments need to take antibiotic resistance seriously.
The authors of the report note this case underscores the need for hospitals to ask incoming patients about foreign travel and also about whether they had recently been hospitalized elsewhere.
Health officials find first cases of new superbug in US The case involved a woman who had spent considerable time in India, where multi-drug-resistant bacteria are more common than they are in the US. She later developed a bone infection in her femur and her hip and was hospitalized a number of times in India in the two years that followed.
Her last admission to a hospital in India was in June of last year. The unnamed woman — described as a resident of Washoe County who was in her 70s — went into hospital in Reno for care in mid-August, where it was discovered she was infected with what is called a CRE — carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae.
The superbugs are growing in number and strength. Testing at the hospital showed resistance to 14 drugs — all the drug options the hospital had, said Lei Chen, a senior epidemiologist with Washoe County Health District and an author of the report.
A sample was sent to the CDC in Atlanta for further testing, which revealed that nothing available to US doctors would have cured this infection.
We have relied for so long on just newer and newer antibiotics.
There is international recognition of the threat, which an expert report published last year warned could kill 10 million a year by if left unchecked.
The superbugs are winning the battle against us The woman in Nevada was cared for in isolation; the staff who treated her used infection control precautions to prevent spread of the superbug in the hospital.
Chen and Randall Todd, a health department colleague, told STAT testing was done to look for additional infections, but so far none have been detected.Some resistance occurs without human action, as bacteria can produce and use antibiotics against other bacteria, leading to a low-level of natural selection for resistance to antibiotics.
However, the current higher-levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria are attributed to the overuse and abuse of antibiotics. Sep 10, · Antibiotics Fight Bacteria, Not Viruses. Antibiotics are meant to be used against bacterial infections. For example, they are used to treat strep throat, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria, and skin infections caused by staphylococcal bacteria.
Although antibiotics kill bacteria, they are not effective against viruses. Jan 17, · The action needed is to use antibiotics wisely, in people and in animals, so strains of bacteria don't get a chance to develop resistance, says Johnson.
And to continue research into development of new antibiotics. Bacteria develop antibiotic resistance in two ways. Many acquire mutations in their own genomes that allow them to withstand antibiotics, . Bacteria likely evolved to have these resistance genes a long time ago, to defend themselves against other bacteria, or help them survive in other ways, Adalja said.
Core actions to prevent infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and slow spread of resistance What CDC was doing at that time to combat the threat of antibiotic resistance The data below is pulled from the Threats Report.