The extension of slavery 1820 1860

Nat Turner launches a bloody uprising among enslaved Virginians in Southampton County. Stewart is one of the first black American female political activists to establish the tradition of political activism and freedom struggle among black women. She calls upon black women to take up what would become pioneering work as teachers, school founders, and education innovators. For the next three decades, the Society campaigns that slavery is illegal under natural law, and sees the Constitution "a covenant with hell.

The extension of slavery 1820 1860

They quickly gained political momentum and took control of the House of Representatives in Southern leaders were divided on how to respond to Republican success. Others, like Mississippi senator Jefferson Davis, put forward a more moderate approach by demanding constitutional protection of slavery.

They hoped to capture the weapons there and distribute them among slaves to begin a massive uprising that would bring an end to slavery. Brown had already demonstrated during the Pottawatomie attack in Kansas that he had no patience for the nonviolent approach preached by pacifist abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison.

Born in Connecticut inBrown [link] spent much of his life in the North, moving from Ohio to Pennsylvania and then upstate New York as his various business ventures failed.

To him, slavery appeared an unacceptable evil that must be purged from the land, and like his Puritan forebears, he believed in using the sword to defeat the ungodly.

John Brown, shown here in a photograph fromwas a radical abolitionist who advocated the violent overthrow of slavery. Brown had gone to Kansas in the s in an effort to stop slavery, and there, he had perpetrated the killings at Pottawatomie.

He told other abolitionists of his plan to take Harpers Ferry Armory and initiate a massive slave uprising.

The extension of slavery 1820 1860

Some abolitionists provided financial support, while others, including Frederick Douglass, found the plot suicidal and refused to join. However, his vision of a mass uprising failed completely.

Federal troops, commanded by Colonel Robert E. Lee, soon captured Brown and his followers.

The conventions

On December 2, Brown was hanged by the state of Virginia for treason. Do you think this image represents a southern or northern version of the raid?

The extension of slavery 1820 1860

How are the characters in the scene depicted? How does Thoreau characterize Brown? What does he ask of his fellow citizens?

Southerners grew especially apprehensive of the possibility of other violent plots. They viewed Brown as a terrorist bent on destroying their civilization, and support for secession grew.

Their anxiety led several southern states to pass laws designed to prevent slave rebellions.


It seemed that the worst fears of the South had come true: A hostile majority would stop at nothing to destroy slavery. The Dred Scott decision and the Freeport Doctrine had opened up huge sectional divisions among Democrats.Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

La esclavitud, como institución jurídica, es una situación en la cual una persona (el esclavo) es propiedad de otra (el amo).Así entendida, constituye una forma particular de relación de producción, propia de un determinado nivel de desarrollo de las fuerzas productivas en la evolución de la economía.

During the period from to , there was great expansion of the United States territory. Some strongly believed that slavery was the only cause of this growth. Opponents of the annexation of Texas and the Mexican war were the main supporters of this belief because they so strongly opposed the 3/5(5).

92 Chapter The Politics of Slavery, Overview The politics of slavery erupted at a time of tremendous economic growth in the United States. The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.

However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places. Slavery appears in the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c.

BC), which refers to it as . Lincoln’s speeches during his debates with Douglas made the Republican Party’s position well known; Republicans opposed the extension of slavery and believed a Slave Power conspiracy sought to nationalize the institution.

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