Be a hard master to yourself - and be lenient to everybody else. This is simply the constant radiation of what man really is, not what he pretends to be. Use it, then to advance your enlightenment; or it will be gone and never in your power again. This makes it hard to plan the day.
The Sophists to Secular Humanism He says somewhere that man is the measure of all things, of the existing, that they are, and of the non-existing, that they are not. Their focus on nature contrasts with the emphasis in Indian and Chinese philosophy on salvation and morality and suggests the later development of science in Western philosophy.
But eventually there was a reaction in Greek philosophy. The reaction can be characterized as Greek Humanism. Humanism proper began in the Renaissance as a movement associated with Classical literature and Classical values.
Someone merely familiar with the language of these sites would be surprised to learn that Renaissance humanists were Christians, or that the greatest Greek humanist, Socratesregarded his own work as a mission for his patron god, Apollo at Delphi.
These cases, which are historically central, show that humanism was originally a religious humanism. Some recent humanist organizations are clearly aware of this, for instance the American Ethical Unionwhich says, "Ethical Culture is a humanistic religious and educational movement inspired by the ideal that the supreme aim of human life is working to create a more humane society.
So what would humanism in general, religious and secular, ancient and modern, be about? We see the origin in the contrast with Greek natural philosophy.
Humanism is a concern with issues relevant to the human condition. Since the human condition is, as Buddhism would say, birth, disease, old age, and death, one begins to wonder about the meaning, value, and purpose of life.
With such concerns, inquiry frequently turns, as Socrates puts it, to questions about the "just, beautiful, ugly, good, and bad. This was not always fair, since Mediaeval philosophy, like Mediaeval religion, was intensely concerned with the meaning and purpose of human life; but the Renaisssance humanists, with Greek literature returning from the Fall of Constantinoplegrew impatient.
Greek humanism did not actually begin with Socrates, but with the Sophists. Like modern rock stars, they even had advance men who would arrive in a city to advertise the coming of the Sophist and sign up students.
Some Sophists advertised themselves, as we hear with Hippias of Elis, who is supposed to have showed up at the Olympic Games saying that he could teach anyone how to make anything he was wearing. In general, however, the Sophists, especially the most important ones, like Protagoras of Abdera,or Gorgias of Leontini,claimed to teach something in particular, namely virtue.
What this is going to mean is not at first obvious. It must be the excellence of being human.
|Sayings and Quotes about Silence, Noise, and Hearing||We as a world face a choice:|
|Browse By Tag||Quotes and the full text of his essay "On Noise.|
What that is depends on a particularly Greek kind of answer: Human excellence is participation in the life of the city -- politics. But what are the Sophists going to be teaching about politics? What is going to enable one to participate?
That ends up meaning something very specific indeed, especially in democracies like Athens, with an Assembly of the male citizens: Without loudspeakers and with crowds often in the thousands, ancient public speaking required a loud and trained voice.
Being the kind of curious character he was, Franklin put the matter to the test with the evangelist George Whitefield The Sophists, therefore, in teaching speaking and rhetoric, had a substantial discipline on their hands.
Political speaking is thus most importantly about persuasion. If one is going to teach persuasion, however, the question is then persuasion about what.
Well, it would have to be persuasion about anything, if the Sophists are going to do the best job for any student or client. Teaching how to be persuasive about anything, however, began to give the Sophists a certain reputation. To win any argument, one cannot always argue honestly.
If the Sophists then teach how to argue dishonestly, this begins to give them the reputation of being unprincipled, opportunistic, and deceptive.
Because of this, a fallacious turn of argument today can still be called a sophism.Studies in Pessimism, by Arthur Schopenhauer. On Noise. Noise is the most impertinent of all forms of interruption.
It is not only an interruption, but also a disruption of thought. Of course, where there is nothing to interrupt, noise will not be so particularly painful.
Occasionally it happens that some slight but constant noise continues. 1 thought on ““On Noise” — Arthur Schopenhauer” JZ June 10, am Reply This seems to be a fusion of two different chapters of the second volume of the book “Parerga and Paralipomena”, the brief chapter concerning “Noise and Din”, and the one concerning Education.
Arthur Schopenhauer: Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher, often called the “philosopher of pessimism,” who was primarily important as the exponent of a metaphysical doctrine of the will in immediate reaction against Hegelian idealism.
His writings influenced later existential philosophy and Freudian psychology. Religion and Humanism, The Sophists to Secular Humanism. He says somewhere that man is the measure of all things, of the existing, .
"On Noise" Essay by Arthur Schopenhauer The quotes above give a taste of Schopenhauer's thoughts about noise; here is his full essay on the topic, published in The original is in German; this translation is by T.
Bailey Saunders, published in the collection Studies in Pessimism. Parerga and Paralipomena: A Collection of Philosophical Essays [Arthur Schopenhauer] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.