Writing a Summary A summary is condensed version of a larger reading.
Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier.
There are a few instances when you might want to summarize an article. To show how an author's ideas support your argument To argue against the author's ideas To condense a lot of information into a small space To increase your understanding of an article What Needs to Be Included in a Summary of an Article?
A great summary should include certain important elements that make the reading experience easier on the reader. A good summary will consist of the following elements.
The main idea of the article is conveyed clearly and concisely The summary is written in the unique style of the writer The summary is much shorter than the original document The summary explains all of the important notions and arguments The summary condenses a lot of information into a small space How Do You Summarize an Article?
Summarizing an article can be boiled down to three simple steps. By following these steps, you should have a thorough, clear, and concise summary in no time. Identify the main idea or topic. Identify the important arguments. Continue reading for detailed explanations of each of these steps.
Identify the Main Idea or Topic The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words.
To do this, you must be willing to read the article several times. On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. Once you've done this write down your initial impression.
This is most likely the thesis, or main idea, of the article. Also, be sure to include the author's first and last name and the title of the article in your notation for later reference. When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published?
Identify the place it was published, as this can help you determine the intended audience. Determine the date of publication. Determine the type of essay. Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly?
Take note of the tone of the piece. Identify certain notions or arguments that seem to be repeated throughout. Applying these methods of identification, let's take a look at the article "Bypass Cure" by James Johnson.
We can assume the subject of the article from the title. Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass. Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step.
Think of the thesis of your summary as a caption on a picture.
In spite of having lost most of the season due to an injury, Jim Johnson beat his own record and won the meet, qualifying him for the state finals. Identify Important Arguments At this point in the preparation process, you should read the article again.
This time, read more carefully. Look specifically for the supporting arguments.There are two basic types of summaries: a reader summary, that you compose to develop a better understanding of what you have read, or a summary essay, which is written for others and is an overview of an original text.
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A short summary of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Birthmark. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Birthmark. A Short Summary of Islamic Beliefs and Eschatology. Collected by Lambert Dolphin.
Islam has a world-following in excess of one billion devotees, about 20% are in the Middle East, with the largest concentration of Muslims in Indonesia. Nov 10, · How to Write a Summary. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Summaries Reviewing the Piece Writing The Summary in Your Own Words Revising Your Draft into a Coherent Summary Community Q&A.
Writing a summary is a great way to process the information you read, whether it’s an article or a book%().