In many ways, World War 2 was a direct result of the turmoil left behind by World War 1. Below are some of the main causes of World War 2. Because Germany had lost the war, the treaty was very harsh against Germany. Germany was forced to "accept the responsibility" of the war damages suffered by the Allies.
It broke cover on Jan. Lies have poured forth from the White House at an astonishing rate: It is dismaying that it was so easy for him to do this, dismaying that independent journalism of quality is so easily discredited and dismaying that none of this seems to trouble the Republican Party.
Yet, in the end, it has really been a strong year for journalism. In particular, two papers, The New York Times and Washington Post, have re-established themselves as bulwarks against abuses of power, as they were at the time of the Pentagon Papers and Watergate.
Why have these two newspapers in particular once more demonstrated the best of American journalism? The Post was basically saved by Jeff Bezos whose deep pockets have restored the resources of the newsroom.
Under the editorship of Marty Baron they were positioned to seize the Trump moment and rediscovered the art of investigative reporting. Similarly the Times passed through a period in which it struggled to find a new business model for the digital age and eventually found it, enabling its Washington newsroom to become competitive again.
This underlines the fragile dependency of journalism on enlightened patronage—on who owns a newspaper and particularly who owns the two papers that are regarded as national in prestige and potency together with the editorial independence and authority that that position requires.
For all its fine reporting over the last year The Wall Street Journal does not have that kind of reputational backbone because it is owned by Rupert Murdoch, blatantly a Trump stooge.
But the battle is not yet won, and will not be without eternal vigilance. To realize the gravity of where we are now we need more context than is provided by recent history, we need to look at the history of Italy in the s and Germany in the s.
In both nations tyrants arose who on the way to seizing power found it remarkably easy to denigrate and destroy independent journalism. In Italy, Benito Mussolini came to power in October At the age of 39 he was the youngest ever prime minister, charismatic and full of energy.
He was also careful to move slowly as, almost by stealth, he built a new illiberal state. In a country that for years had lacked unity he proposed a new focus for nationalism: They have asked me for railways, houses, drains, bridges, water, light and roads. Italy wants peace and quiet, work and calm.
I will give these things with love if possible and with force if necessary. Now he made sure nobody else would follow his example.
Some smaller newspapers claiming to be independent were still tolerated to give the appearance of freedom of opinion but they were a fig leaf to cover the end of press freedom.Adolf Hitler - World War II: Germany’s war strategy was assumed by Hitler from the first.
When the successful campaign against Poland failed to produce the desired peace accord with Britain, he ordered the army to prepare for an immediate offensive in the west. Hitler declares war on the United States on December 11, , from the Krolloper’s stage.
By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA de On December 11, , Germany declared war on the United States, in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the . IT CAN HAPPEN HERE Trump’s War on the Press Follows the Mussolini and Hitler Playbook. Never forget: Mussolini and Hitler made their first target the press.
Germany's Declaration of War Against the United States Hitler's Reichstag Speech of December 11, It has often been said that Hitler's greatest mistakes were his decisions to go to war against the Soviet Union and the United States. From the first day that he "seized power," January 30, , Hitler knew that only sudden death awaited him if he failed to restore pride and empire to post-Versailles Germany.
Mar 30, · Führerprinzip.
How good was Hitler as a military commander? Was he, as his former subordinates claimed after World War Two ended, a meddlesome amateur who kept them from conducting the war properly?