Henry the ii essay

Engraved portrait of Purcell by R. Edward, Henry and Daniel. It is assumed that the three-part song Sweet tyranness, I now resign was written by him as a child. He attended Westminster School and in was appointed copyist at Westminster Abbey.

Henry the ii essay

Since Henry of Navarre was a Huguenot, the issue was not considered settled in many quarters of the country, and France was plunged into a phase of the Wars of Religion known as the War of the Three Henries. The third was Henry I, Duke of Guisewho pushed for complete suppression of the Huguenots and had much support among Catholic loyalists.

Political disagreements among the parties set off a series of campaigns and counter-campaigns that culminated in the Battle of Coutras.

Instead, however, the populace were horrified and rose against him. In several cities, the title of the king was no longer recognized.

Henry the ii essay

His power was limited to Blois, Tours, and the surrounding districts. In the general chaos, the king relied on King Henry of Navarre and his Huguenots. The two kings were united by a common interest—to win France from the Catholic League.

Catholic royalist nobles also rallied to the king's standard. With this combined force, the two kings marched to Paris. The morale of the city was low, and even the Spanish ambassador believed the city could not hold out longer than a fortnight. The Catholic League, however, strengthened by support from outside the country—especially from Spain—was strong enough to prevent a universal recognition of his new title.

Henry the ii essay

The Pope excommunicated Henry and declared him devoid of any right to inherit the crown. He set about winning his kingdom by military conquest, aided by English money and German troops. Henry's Catholic uncle Charles, Cardinal de Bourbonwas proclaimed king by the League, but the Cardinal was Henry's prisoner at the time.

In case of such opposition, Philip indicated that princes of the House of Lorraine would be acceptable to him: The Spanish ambassadors selected the Duke of Guise, to the joy of the League. But at that moment of seeming victory, the envy of the Duke of Mayenne was aroused, and he blocked the proposed election of a king.

They argued that if the French accepted natural hereditary succession, as proposed by the Spaniards, and accepted a woman as their queen, then the ancient claims of the English kings would be confirmed, and the monarchy of centuries past would be nothing but an illegality.

Mayenne was angered that he had not been consulted prior, but yielded, since their aim was not contrary to his present views. Despite these setbacks for the League, Henry remained unable to take control of Paris.

He was said to have declared that Paris vaut bien une messe "Paris is well worth a mass"[21] [22] [23] although there is some doubt whether he said this, or whether the statement was attributed to him by his contemporaries.Henry de Bourbon was born in Pau, the capital of the joint Kingdom of Navarre with the sovereign principality of Béarn.

His parents were Queen Joan III of Navarre (Jeanne d'Albret) and her consort, Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, King of Navarre. Although baptised as a Roman Catholic, Henry was raised as a Protestant by his mother, who had declared Calvinism the religion of Navarre.

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Henry IV Part 1 Essay Topics