His time in Walden Woods became a model of deliberate and ethical living. His words and deeds continue to inspire millions around the world who seek solutions to critical environmental and societal challenges. He said he was born "in the nick of time" in Concord, Massachusetts, during the flowering of America when the transcendental movement was taking root and when the anti-slavery movement was rapidly gaining momentum.
Born inone of his first memories was of staying awake at night "looking through the stars to see if I could see God behind them.
Henry grew up very close to his older brother John, who taught school to help pay for Henry's tuition at Harvard.
While there, Henry read a small book by his Concord neighbor, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Natureand in a sense he never finished exploring its ideas -- although always definitely on his own terms, just as he explored everything!
After two years and two monthsThoreau returned to Concord -- a bare two miles away which he had visited frequently during his stay at the pond, having completed his experiment in living and his book. Unfortunately, few people were interested in purchasing his book, so he spent the next nine years, surveying and making pencils at times but primarily writing and rewriting creating seven full drafts Walden before trying to publish it.
Many readers mistake Henry's tone in Walden and other works, thinking he was a cranky hermit. That was far from the case, as one of his young neighbors and Edward Emerson attest. He found greater joy in his daily life than most people ever would.
Thoreau died of tuberculosis inat the age of His last words were said to be "Moose" and "Indian.
His work is so rich, and so full of the complex contradictions that he explored, that his readers keep reshaping his image to fit their own needs.
Perhaps he would have appreciated that, for he seems to have wanted most to use words to force his readers to rethink their own lives creatively, different though they may be, even as he spent his life rethinking his, always asking questions, always looking to nature for greater intensity and meaning for his life.Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Other important transcendentalists were Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Amos Bronson Alcott, Frederic Henry Hedge, and Theodore Parker. English writer Henry Stephens Salt wrote a biography of Thoreau in , which popularized Thoreau's ideas in Britain: George Bernard Shaw, Edward Carpenter, and Robert Blatchford were among those who became Thoreau enthusiasts as .
Ralph Waldo Emerson American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stressed self-reliance, optimism, self-improvement, self-confidence, and freedom.
He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement. Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Hawthorne, Fuller, Melville, and others saw possibility, liberation, and beauty in nature.
Emerson writes in Nature, "Let us interrogate the great apparition that shines so peacefully around us. Watch video · Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, , in Concord, Massachusetts. He began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and timberdesignmag.com: Jul 12, Important trancendentalist thinkers include Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and Henry David Thoreau.
The transcendentalists supported women's rights and the abolition of slavery, and were critical of organized religion and government.