Anatomy and physiology of the body

Of the two hundred and six bones in an adult human body, there are several types that are grouped together due to their general features, such as shape, placement and additional properties. What is a Bone?

Anatomy and physiology of the body

Tissue in the human body: Two types of epithelial tissues: Simple Epithelium - one cell layer Stratified epithelium - two or more cell layers Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium - When cells of an epithelial tissue are all anchored to the basement Membrane but not all cells reach the apical surface.

Glandular Epithelium — 1 Endocrine: Release hormones directly into the blood stream and 2 Exocrine - Secrete into ducts. Connective Tissue Matrix is made of two materials: Classification of Connective Tissue: Cartilage has three subtypes: Skeletal Muscle — voluntary, striated, striations perpendicular to the muscle fibers and it is mainly found attached to bones.

Anatomy and physiology of the body

Neurons - Cells that convert stimuli into electrical impulses to the brain, and Neuroglia — supportive cells. Neurons — are made up of cell body, axon and dendrites. There are 3 types of neurons: Neuroglia — is made up of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells and microglia in the CNS, and schwann cells and satellite cells in the PNS.

All tissues of the body develop from the three primary germ cell layers that form the embryo: Mesoderm — develops into epithelial tissue, connective tissue and muscle tissue. Ectoderm - develops into nervous tissue and epithelial tissue. Endoderm — develops into epithelial tissue.

Adherens Junctions - Link actin cytoskeletal elements in two cells.


Desmosomes - Link keratin filaments in adjoining cells and resist shearing forces. Hemidesmosomes - Anchor keratin fibers in epithelial cells to the basement membrane through integrin anchors. Rapid Study Kit for "Title":Since , has provided high quality information about health, wellness, and the science behind the human body.

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Anatomy and physiology of the body

All content on our site is written by subject matter experts. The largest artery in the body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and extends down to the Anatomy and Physiology of. the Cardiovascular System. CHAPTER. 5. The circulatory system. (a) The circulatory system consists of a series of vessels that transport blood to .

As the Body Ages emphasizes how the physiology of the body changes as the body ages Anatomy & Physiology Course Objectives At the conclusion of Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology participants will be able to. It is convenient to consider the structures of the body in terms of fundamental levels of organization that increase in complexity: subatomic particles, atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms and biosphere (Figure 1).

Human Anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body and how the body parts are organized.

Human Physiology is the study of the functions of body parts. Anatomy is the study of structure and physiology is the study of functions. But actually these two fields of study is so interrelated and closely associated with each other that it is difficult to separate them.

Human Anatomy and Physiology This course explains the nature of matter and the principles of chemistry that are important to human physiology.

You will learn principles of genetics and gain an understanding of how traits are passed from one generation to the next.

Anatomy & Physiology: Body Cavities And Anatomical Directions - ProProfs Quiz