Lack of safety in getting to school Lack of separate latrines for boys and girls Sexual harassment and gender-based violence in schools Domestic work overload If girls receive an education, it leads to: A decrease in child marriages by 64 percent A decrease in maternal mortality by 70 percent More children surviving past the age of 5 Source:
The Barack Obama administration The crisis worked against McCain, whom many voters associated with the unpopular policies of the administration, and worked for the highly charismatic Obama, whose campaign from its outset had been based on the theme of sweeping political change.
Obama defeated McCain, becoming the first African American elected to the presidency.
In the lead-up to the inauguration, Obama and his transition team, working with Bush, persuaded the Senate to release the last half of the TARP funds, promising that they would be targeted at relief for home owners and at stimulating the credit markets.
Because authorization to block the release of the funds required assent by both houses of Congress, a vote by the House of Representatives was unnecessary. See Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of GDP contracted by 8. In the third quarter ofGDP finally turned positive, gaining 2.
However, unemploymentwhich had stood at 7. Moreover, the stimulative policies had helped balloon the U. In the meantime, a populist reaction emerged among libertarian-minded conservatives that was generally opposed to what they considered excessive taxation, to illegal immigration, and to government intervention in the private sector.
Although there was also strong opposition to various aspects of the plan within the Democratic Party, the House of Representatives passed a sweeping reform bill in November Before the two houses could attempt to bridge the differences in their bills, the Democrats lost their filibuster-proof majority in the Senate as a result of the victory of Republican Scott Brown in January in the special election in Massachusetts held to replace interim senator Paul Kirk a Democratwho had been appointed to the seat following the death of Sen.
Ted Kennedy —who, ironically, had committed much of his career in government to health care reform. Although the prospects for passage dimmed, the president and the Democratic leadership, especially Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosipushed on, with Obama convening a special summit of Democrats and Republicans to debate the merits of the bills.
In Marchhaving secured the support of a sufficient number of House Democrats who had been opposed to aspects of the Senate plan most notably pro-life advocates led by Rep.
With the outcome of reconciliation still in the balance, on March 23 Obama signed into law the historic legislation, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Senate passage of the bill of proposed fixes proved arduousas Republicans introduced more than 40 amendments in an attempt to force another vote in the House.
All those amendments were defeated in votes along party lines, and on March 25 the bill was passed by a 56—43 vote; however, because of procedural violations in some of its language, the bill went back to the House.
There it passed by a — vote. No Republicans in either house voted for the bill. In its final form, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act would—once all its elements had taken effect over the next nine years—extend health care to some 32 million previously uninsured Americans and prohibit insurers from denying coverage to those with preexisting conditions.
It also promised a tax credit to small businesses that provide coverage for their employees. In general, the U. However, as the summer approached, unemployment stagnated at near 10 percent. Although the Republicans and some economists criticized the economic stimulus as ineffective and predicted the onset of another recession, others argued that it may have added more than three million new jobs.
Responding to the banking and finance meltdown that had precipitated the economic downturn, Congress in July enacted comprehensive financial regulations. However, the headlines in spring and summer were dominated by another event, a massive oil spill some 40 miles 60 km off the coast of Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico see Deepwater Horizon oil spill of The spill, which dragged on for months, began in April with an explosion and fire on a deepwater drilling platform that then collapsed, spewing oil that endangered marine life, fouled beachesand brought a halt to fishing in a huge area.
By the time the well was capped and the spill brought under control in Julyan estimated 4. As security conditions in Iraq continued to improve, the new administration began slowly removing U.
The issue of national security took centre stage on Christmas Day,when a bombing was thwarted on an airliner bound for Detroit. The perpetrator, a young Nigerian, had been trained for his mission by extremists in Yemen.
Stanley McChrystaland members of his staff impugned top Obama administration officials in interviews with a reporter from Rolling Stone magazine. Obama relieved McChrystal of command and replaced him with Gen.
David Petraeusthe architect of the surge strategy in Iraq. Although the bulk of U. Barack Obama announcing the resignation of Gen.Equality and The Fourteenth Amendment: A New Constitution. In the wake of the Civil War, three amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery ( Being African American & LGBTQ: An Introduction.
Share this. Filed under: there are more than 1 million LGBTQ African Americans currently living in the United States, with approximately percent of all African American people identifying as LGBTQ.
LGBTQ African Americans are disproportionately young and disproportionately female, and. Gender Equality in the United States - Introduction Gender equality has been a hot-button topic in the United States for quite some time.
Groups have been pushing for equal opportunities for women in politics, the workplace, and essentially all facets of life. Inclusion on the list does not imply endorsement of the event, training, speakers, topics or sponsoring organization by the National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence.
This is not an exhaustive list of training opportunities and events; rather it is a compilation of events that have been submitted to or come to the attention of the National Center.
The concept of equality of the sexes is a relatively new phenomena. Until the end of the nineteenth century, women were treated as the inferior sex and were excluded from taking part in public life, especially in areas pertaining . - Women's Fight for Social Equality If I were to teach a class that dealt with the twentieth century in America, I would choose to make my focus the women's struggle for social equality.
Comprising fifty-percent of the population, women are by far the largest "minority" in the United States.