He is remembered for his legendary stubbornness and tenacity, especially in his lengthy opposition to Gaius Julius Caesaras well as for his immunity to bribes and his distaste for political corruption. When he was made quaestor in 65 B.
See Article History Alternative Titles: He was noted for his conservative and anti-Hellenic policies, in opposition to the phil-Hellenic ideals of the Scipio family. Cato was born of plebeian stock and fought as a military tribune in the Second Punic War. His oratorical and legal skills and his rigid morality attracted the notice of the patrician Lucius Valerius Flaccuswho helped him begin a political career at Rome.
Cato was elected quaestoraedileand praetor in Sardiniawhere he suppressed usury. He was elected consul with Flaccus inand as consul he unsuccessfully opposed the repeal of a measure restricting female extravagance Lex Oppia.
Then, in an extensive and bitter military campaign, he stamped out an insurrection in Spain and organized the province of Nearer Spain.
Shortly thereafter he included Glabrio in his denunciation of the supporters of the Scipios. This success was followed by his election to the censorship inagain with Flaccus as his colleague. The censors were twin magistrates who acted as census takers, assessors, and inspectors of morals and conduct.
He passed measures taxing luxury and strictly revised the list of persons eligible for the Senate. He checked abuses by the tax gatherers, and he promoted much public building, including the Basilica Porta the first market hall in Rome.
His sternness as censor made him so many enemies that he later had to defend himself 44 times against various accusations and attempted prosecutions. After his term as censor, Cato continued to preach his social doctrines and to support such measures as the Lex Orchia against luxury and the Lex Voconiawhich checked the financial freedom of women.
In his later years he turned to capitalistic farming, speculation, and moneylending on a considerable scale. He himself affected rustic manners and speechthough he was witty and deeply learned. He was the author of Origines, the first history of Rome composed in Latin.
This work, of whose seven books only a few fragments survive, related the traditions of the founding of Rome and other Italian cities.
De agri cultura is the oldest remaining complete prose work in Latin. It is a practical handbook dealing with the cultivation of grape vines and olives and the grazing of livestock, but it also contains many details of old customs and superstitions. More important, it affords a wealth of information on the transition from small landholdings to capitalistic farming in Latium and Campania.
Of at least speeches he published, only meagre fragments of about 80 survive.Marcus Porcius Cato: Marcus Porcius Cato, Roman statesman, orator, and the first Latin prose writer of importance. He was noted for his conservative and anti-Hellenic policies, in opposition to the phil-Hellenic ideals of the Scipio family.
Cato, a Tragedy is a play written by Joseph Addison in , and first performed on 14 April Based on the events of the last days of Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis (better known as Cato the Younger) (95–46 B.C.), a Stoic whose deeds, rhetoric and resistance to the tyranny of Julius Caesar made him an icon of republicanism, virtue, and timberdesignmag.com: Joseph Addison.
Marcus Porcius Cato B.C.– B.C. (Also known as Cato the Censor, Cato Major, and Cato the Elder. Roman statesman, orator, and author of nonfiction prose.) A roman soldier, estate-owner, and.
Cato (M. Porcius Cato) the elder ( BCE) of Tusculum, statesman and soldier, was the first important writer in Latin prose. His speeches, works on jurisprudence and the art of war, his precepts to his son on various subjects, and his great historical work on Rome and Italy are lost.
Livy, a Roman historian, described the women's demonstrations and a portion of the debate between Consul Cato and Tribune Lucius Valerius in the Tribunal. 1) The Demonstration "The matrons whom neither counsel nor shame nor their husbands' orders could keep at home, blockaded every street in the city and every entrance to the Forum.
This entry was posted in Government & Politics, History and tagged Cato the Younger, Gaius Julius Caesar, Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, Marcius Porcius Cato Utensis, Marcus Licinius Crassus Divas, Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pompey, quaestor, Roman Senate, Spartacus.